No one particular knows specifically how old yoga is. It originated as extended as 10,000 to 5000 years ago. It was passed down orally and has gone by way of a lot evolution. The earliest reference to Yoga was identified when archeological excavations have been produced in the Indus valley – an awesome potent and influential civilization in the early antique period. This sophisticated culture created about the Indus river and the extended gone Sarasvati river in northern India, on the border towards Pakistan and had sewage systems, baths as early as two,600 BC.
Even though numerous religions continue to want to make yoga their personal creation, it belongs to all of us. It has numerous facets that can be identified in the Hindu and Buddhist faith, but the simple principals are universal and primarily based on “the eight limbs of yoga”, which can be identified in all religions.
The History of Yoga is defined as 4 periods:
Vedic Period, Pre-Classical Period, Classical Period, Post Classical Period and the Contemporary Period
History of Yoga
Yoga is stated to be as old as civilization itself but the oral transmission of the practice, has left numerous gaps in its history. Earliest archeological proof relating to yoga's existence is identified in Mohenjodaro seals excavated from the Indus valley, depicting a figure seated in a classic yoga pose. The stone seals location Yoga's existence about 3000 B.C.
The Vedic Period
The subsequent reference to yoga is identified in the Rig Veda, the oldest sacred text in the planet. The Vedas, dating back to 1500 and 1200 BC, are a collection of hymns, mantras and brahmanical rituals that praised a higher becoming. Yoga is referred to in the book as yoking or discipline with no any mention of a practice or a strategy to reach this discipline. The Atharva Veda also mentions yoga with a reference to controlling the breath.
The creation of the Upanishads, among 800 to 500 BC, marks the period referred to as Pre-Classical Yoga. The word Upanishad indicates to sit close to and implies that the only way a student could study the truths inscribed in the texts was by sitting close to a guru.
The Maitrayaniya Upanishad outlined a six-fold path to liberation. This six-fold yoga path integrated controlling the breath (pranayama), withdrawing the senses (pratyahara), meditation (dhyana), concentration (dharana), contemplation (tarka), and absorption (samadhi). Patanjali's Yoga Sutra was later to mirror these paths with higher elucidation and a couple of additions.
Two yoga disciplines gained prominence at this time: karma yoga (path of action or ritual) and jnana yoga (path of know-how or study of the scriptures). Each paths led to liberation or enlightenment. The Bhagavad-Gita, composed about 500 BC later added the bhakti yoga (the path of devotion) to this path.
It was at the time of the Upanishads that the notion of ritual sacrifice was internalized and became the notion of sacrifice of the ego by way of self-know-how, action and wisdom. This remains an significant aspect of yoga's philosophy these days. As with the Vedas, the Upanishads contained nothing at all of what we would term as yoga asana practice these days. The very first and possibly most significant presentation of yoga came in the subsequent period.
Written some time in the second century, Patanjali's Yoga Sutras designed a milestone in the history of yoga, defining what is now identified as the Classical Period. This set of 195 sutras (aphorisms) is regarded as to be the very first systematic presentation of yoga, and Patanjali is revered as the father of yoga.
Patanjali defined the eight-limbed path of yoga (ashtanga yoga), which described a sensible treatise on living and laid out a path for attaining harmony of the thoughts, physique and soul. Strict adherence to which would lead one particular to enlightenment. The sutras nonetheless serve as a guideline for living in the planet, despite the fact that modern day yoga no longer sees the have to have to master the eight limbs in succession.
It was in this period that the belief of the physique as a temple was rekindled and yogis created a practice to rejuvenate the physique and to prolong life. It was no longer vital to escape from reality alternatively the concentrate was a lot more living in the moment and on the right path. The exploration of the spiritual and the physical halves and the have to have to harmonize the thoughts, physique and spirit led to the creation of Tantra yoga, to cleanse the physique and thoughts, and to Hatha yoga in the ninth or tenth century.
Yoga in its present avatar owes a lot to discovered gurus who traveled west to spread the added benefits of yoga, or researched and designed distinct schools of yoga. In 1893 Swami Vivekanada addressed the Parliament of Planet Religions in Chicago and spoke about Raja yoga. Swami Sivanada wrote numerous books on yoga and philosophy and introduced the 5 principles of yoga. J.Krishnamurti, the prolific Indian philosopher, influenced thousands with his writings and teachings on Jnana yoga.
The defining epicenter of modern day day yoga, as practiced in the west, started with Krishnamacharya, Mysore India in 1931.
T Krishnamacharya opened the very first Hatha yoga college in the 1920s. 3 of Krishnamacharya's most well-known pupils have been-Pattabhi Jois, who created the college of Ashtanga vinyasa yoga, Indra Devi who introduced yoga to Hollywood, and B.K.S. Iyengar, who designed Iyengar yoga identified for its interest to physique alignment and for its use of props.
Given that then, numerous a lot more yoga gurus have turn out to be pioneers, popularizing yoga and acquiring new designs in maintaining with the altering instances. Right now there are limitless designs of yoga, all primarily based on components from the distinct paths of yoga (see: The Paths of Yoga).
Yoga in America has been a lot more focused on the Asana side of the practice, but a correct yogi knows there is a lot a lot more to the practical experience. I often advise students to attempt distinct designs and you will come across one particular that offers you the most enrichment.
Take pleasure in you spiritual journey..